There are two main religions in Japan – Buddhism and Shinto. Buddhism is practiced in a temple while Shinto, in a shrine. The names of Buddhism temples end with ji and they tend to have Buddha statues and large incense burners.
Shinto shrines, on the other hand, have names ending with jingu, and have tall prominent gates (torii) flanked by statues of guardian beasts known as komainu. In addition, there are also purification fountains (chōzubachi) like the above, housed in ablation pavilions (temizuya) near entrances, where visitors are welcome to cleanse their hands and mouth before entry. This particular one was seen in Meiji-jingu, Tokyo, and the sparkling water caught my eye.